Our Publications

Microbiome and Probiotics



Reid, G. (2016), "Probiotics", in The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks Ltd, London (https://hstalks.com/bs/3333/)

*For an updated list of publications, please click on the Scientist Profile of Dr. Reid or Dr. Burton


Sheridan, P. O., L. Bindels, D. M. Saulnier, G. Reid, E. Nova, K. Holmgren, P. W. O’Toole, N. Delzenne, and K. P. Scott. 2014. Can prebiotics and probiotics improve therapeutic outcomes of undernourished individuals? Gut Microbes 5(1):74-82.

Chaban, B., M. G. Links, T. P. Jayaprakash, E. Wagner, D. Bourque, Z. Lohn, A. Y.K. Albert, J. van Schalkwyk, G. Reid, S. Hemmingsen, J. E. Hill, and D. Money. 2014. Characterization of the vaginal microbiome of healthy Canadian women through the menstrual cycle. Microbiome 2:23. doi:10.1186/2049-2618-2-23

Hill, C., F. Guarner, G. Reid, G. Gibson, D. Merenstein, B. Pot, L. Morelli, R. Canani, H. Flint, S. Salminen, P. Calder, and M. E. Sanders. 2014. The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotics. Nat. Reviews Gastroenterol. Hepatol. June 10 online

Urbaniak, C., A. McMillan, M. Angelini, G. B. Gloor, M. Sumarah, J. P. Burton and G. Reid, 2014. Case study: Effect of chemotherapy on the microbiome and metabolome of human milk. Microbiome 2: 24. doi:10.1186/2049-2618-2-24

Bisanz, J. E., S. Seney, A. McMillan, R. Vongsa, D. Koenig, L-F.Wong, B. Dvoracek, G.B. Gloor, M. Sumarah, B. Ford, D. Herman, J. P. Burton, and G. Reid. 2014. A systems biology approach investigating the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14 on the vaginal microbiome and host responses in a double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of post-menopausal women with intermediate Nugent scores. PLoS ONE PONE-D-14-18190R1.

Bisanz, J. E., J. M. Macklaim, G. B. Gloor, and G. Reid. 2014. Bacterial metatranscriptome analysis of a probiotic yogurt using an RNA-Seq approach. Int Dairy J. INDA-D-14-00202R1.

Reid G, Nduti N, Sybesma W, Kort R, Kollmann TR, Adam R, Boga H, Brown EM, Einerhand A, El-Nezami H, Gloor GB, Kavere II, Lindahl J, Manges A, Mamo W, Martin R, McMillan A, Obiero J, Ochieng PA, Onyango A, Rulisa S, Salminen E, Salminen S, Sije A, Swann JR, van Treuren W, Waweru D, Kemp SJ. Harnessing microbiome and probiotic research in sub-Saharan Africa: recommendations from an African workshop. Microbiome. 2014 Apr 16;2(1):12. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24739094; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3996947.

Gan XT, Ettinger G, Huang CX, Burton JP, Haist JV, Rajapurohitam V, Sidaway JE, Martin G, Gloor GB, Swann JR, Reid G, Karmazyn M. Probiotic Administration Attenuates Myocardial Hypertrophy and Heart Failure Following Myocardial Infarction in the Rat. Circ Heart Fail. 2014 Mar 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24625365.

Urbaniak C, Cummins J, Brackstone M, Macklaim JM, Gloor GB, Baban CK, Scott L, O'Hanlon DM, Burton JP, Francis KP, Tangney M, Reid G. Microbiota of human breast tissue. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 May;80(10):3007-14. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00242-14. Epub 2014 Mar 7. PubMed PMID: 24610844.

Rahat-Rozenbloom S, Fernandes J, Gloor GB, Wolever TM. Evidence for greater production of colonic short-chain fatty acids in overweight than lean humans. Int J Obes (Lond). 2014 Mar 19. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.46. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24642959; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3970979.

Brace C, Gloor GB, Ropeleski M, Allen-Vercoe E, Petrof EO. Microbial composition analysis of Clostridium difficile infections in an ulcerative colitis patient treated with multiple fecal microbiota transplantations. J Crohns Colitis. 2014 Feb 12. pii: S1873-9946(14)00039-7. doi: 10.1016/j.crohns.2014.01.020. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24529606.

Yang S, Li W, Challis JR, Reid G, Kim SO, Bocking AD. Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 supernatant prevents lipopolysaccharide-induced preterm birth and reduces inflammation in pregnant CD-1 mice. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan 31. pii: S0002-9378(14)00058-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.01.029. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24486224.


Petschow B, Doré J, Hibberd P, Dinan T, Reid G, Blaser M, Cani PD, Degnan FH, Foster J, Gibson G, Hutton J, Klaenhammer TR, Ley R, Nieuwdorp M, Pot B, Relman D, Serazin A, Sanders ME. Probiotics, prebiotics, and the host microbiome: the science of translation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Dec;1306:1-17. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12303. Epub 2013 Nov 22. Review. PubMed PMID: 24266656; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4013291.

McMillan A, Macklaim JM, Burton JP, Reid G. Adhesion of Lactobacillus iners AB-1 to Human fibronectin: a key mediator for persistence in the vagina? Reprod Sci. 2013 Jul;20(7):791-6. doi: 10.1177/1933719112466306. Epub 2012 Nov 30. PubMed PMID: 23202727.

Sheridan PO, Bindels LB, Saulnier DM, Reid G, Nova E, Holmgren K, O'Toole PW, Bunn J, Delzenne N, Scott KP. Can prebiotics and probiotics improve therapeutic outcomes for undernourished individuals? Gut Microbes. 2013 Dec 16;5(1). [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24637591.

Burton JP, Drummond BK, Chilcott CN, Tagg JR, Thomson WM, Hale JD, Wescombe PA. Influence of the probiotic Streptococcus salivarius strain M18 on indices of dental health in children: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Med Microbiol. 2013 Jun;62(Pt 6):875-84. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.056663-0. Epub 2013 Feb 28. PubMed PMID: 23449874.

de Vos, W. M., L. Engstrand, L. Drago, G. Reid, J. Schauber, R. Hay, W. Mendling, M. Schaller,  R. Spiller, C. Gahan, and I. Rowland. 2012. Human microbiota in health and disease. Self Care 3(S1):1-68.

Yeoh, N., J. P. Burton, P. Suppiah, G. Reid, and S. Stebbings. 2013. The role of the microbiome in rheumatic diseases. Curr. Rheumatology Reports 15(3):314.

Reid, J. N. S., J. Bisanz, M. Monachese, J. P. Burton, and G. Reid. 2013. The rationale for probiotics improving reproductive health and pregnancy outcome. Am. J. Reprod. Immunol. 69(6):558-66.

Enos, M., J. P. Burton, J. Dols, S. Buhulata, J. Changalucha, and G. Reid. 2013. Probiotics for the first 1000 days of life in the developing world. Beneficial Microbes 4(1): 3-16.   

MacPhee, R., W. L. Miller, G. B. Gloor, John K. McCormick, J. P. Burton, and G. Reid. 2013. Influence of vaginal microbiota on toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 production by Staphylococcus aureus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79(6):1835-42.

Ettinger, G., J. P. Burton, and G. Reid. 2013.  If microbial ecosystem therapy can change your life, what's the problem? Bioessays. Jun;35(6):508-12.

Anukam, K. C., J. M. Macklaim, G. B.  Gloor, G. Reid, J. Boekhorst, B. Renckens, S. van Hijum, R. Siezen. 2013. Genome sequence of Lactobacillus pentosus KCA-1 vaginal isolate from a healthy premenopausal woman. PLoS ONE 8(3):e59239.

Macklaim, J. M., A. D. Fernandes, G. Reid, and G. B. Gloor. 2013. Comparative meta-RNA-seq of the vaginal microbiota and differential expression by Lactobacillus iners in health and dysbiosis. Microbiome 1:12. 

Reid, M. K. E., R. Gough, M. Enos, and G. Reid. 2013. Social businesses in Tanzania tackling health issues of the Millenium Development Goals, one community kitchen at a time. J. Social Bus. 3(1): 24-38.

Burton, J., P. A. Wescombe, J. Macklaim, M. Chai, K. MacDonald, J. Hale, J. Tagg, G. Reid, G.  Gloor and P. Cadieux. 2013. Persistence of the oral probiotic Streptococcus salivarius M18 is dose dependent and megaplasmid transfer can augment their bacteriocin production and adhesion characteristics. PLoS ONE Jun 13;8(6):e65991. 

Fernandes, A. D., J. M. Macklaim, G. Reid and G. B. Gloor. 2013. ANOVA-Like Differential Expression (ALDEx) analysis for mixed population RNA-Seq. PLoS ONE 8(7):e67019.

Reid, G. 2013. Modulating the vaginal microbiome: the need for a bridge between science and practice. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine in press.

Di Bella, J., Y. Bao, G. B. Gloor, J. P. Burton, and G. Reid. 2013. High throughput sequencing methods and analysis for microbiome research. J. Microbiol. Methods. online.


Urbaniak C, Burton JP, Reid G. Breast, milk and microbes: a complex relationship that does not end with lactation. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2012 Jul;8(4):385-98. doi: 10.2217/whe.12.23. PubMed PMID: 22757730.


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