Two new interventional studies have been brought to London, focused on improving quality of life for patients with Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers. Both hope to improve upon standard approaches to treating agitation, a core symptom of Alzheimer’s.
Agitation is a significant source of stress for patients and caregivers. It is complex and difficult to treat. Often, families do not know about this particular symptom of Alzheimer’s and are not properly trained on how to manage care while dealing with agitation.
“These studies are designed to have a direct impact on patients, families and care providers, to improve quality of life and function in those suffering from agitation due to Alzheimer’s,” says Dr. Amer Burhan, Associate Scientist at Lawson Health Research Institute (Lawson) and Geriatric Neuropsychiatrist, St. Joseph’s Health Care London (St. Joseph’s).
Parkwood Institute, a part of St. Joseph’s, is one of multiple sites participating in these studies across Canada and the United States.
One study aims to identify patients early in their diagnosis, while they are living at home or in the community, and apply a comprehensive psychosocial approach, with or without medication, to help with the management of agitation. “We hope to identify participants and have them participating in our program before they experience a crisis due to agitation,” explains Dr. Burhan.
Psychosocial intervention is a way of helping patients and caregivers understand the reasons for agitation. Agitation can develop due to a wide range of causes. For example, patients may just be bored and need help to find something meaningful to occupy their time, they could be upset about something in their current environment, or may be suffering from physical discomfort or pain.
Interventions can include communicating with patients in a manner that creates calm, scheduling meaningful activities, and maintaining routine and rhythm in life. The research team will connect with families early after diagnosis to give them the tools and support they need.
Initially, participants will be treated using structured psychosocial intervention to help reduce and manage their agitation. After three weeks, they will be reassessed and if significant agitation continues to persist, the patient will be randomly selected to receive either a placebo, or medication known as S-Citalopram to treat agitation while they continue to receive psychosocial care.
Sylvia Wilson is the wife of one of the study participants. By enrolling in this trial, she feels she has gained a much better understanding of her husband’s disease, and is grateful for the support that study participants receive.
“My husband typically does not like going to visit doctors, but Dr. Burhan and his team are great,” says Wilson. “They understand agitation, and other symptoms of the disease very well, and I notice a difference in his mood with the treatment he receives through the study.”
Participants are still able to receive care from their primary physician and care teams, with the study providing an added layer of support.
Another study is focused on Alzheimer’s patients who are admitted to hospital or living in long-term care. The aim is to standardize the approach to care for agitation related to Alzheimer’s. After baseline assessment, participants will be randomized to receive the current treatment as per usual, or an integrated care pathway derived from evidence-informed treatment guidelines. These include washing out medications that have not helped, adding individualized behavioral and environmental support, and if medications are needed, use a specific set of medications and dosages based on best evidence.
“Better understanding agitation is a growing area of interest in geriatric research. The work being done locally is part of an international effort to create a paradigm shift in treating patients with Alzheimer’s disease and agitation,” explains Dr. Burhan.
Researchers are ready to offer these studies to patients and their families, hoping to make these treatment protocols an integral part of care for patients with agitation due to Alzheimer’s disease. Those interested in learning more about these studies can contact Dr. Burhan at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 519-646-6100 x. 48170.