About

CSTAR, a 22,500 square foot facility located in the Legacy Research Pavilion of LHSC, integrates research, development, preclinical and clinical testing, validation, commercialization and clinical implementation of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) technologies and robotics.

CSTAR provides an environment that enables meaningful collaboration of researchers, engineers and surgery clinicians who, together, identify solutions to current and future challenges in surgical care.

To accomplish all of the above-mentioned initiatives, CSTAR is divided into two research groups, medical mechatronics and robotics surgery.

The medical mechatronics division of CSTAR focuses on the development of novel MIS technologies and the procedures with which to use them.

The robotics surgery division of CSTAR focuses on perfecting already existing procedures and the application of MIS technologies developed in the mechatronics division. CSTAR provides world-class acute and chronic laboratory facilities that support preclinical testing and validation of new MIS technologies.

CSTAR interacts with London’s commercialization community to facilitate delivery of MIS technologies to market. Through this integration, CSTAR ‘closes the gap’ between newly developed, effective MIS technologies and their implementation and routine use in clinical care.

Medical Mechatronics

Medical Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, control engineering, systems design engineering and computer engineering to create useful products.

The medical mechatronics division at CSTAR focuses on the development of novel MIS technologies and the procedures in which to use them.

Major Research Activities

  • Minimally invasive robot-assisted tumour ablative therapies for lung cancer
  • Dual master-slave system with force reflection
  • A sensorized instrument-based skills assessment and training system for minimally invasive surgery
  • Design, construction and control of a micro manipulator for prostate brachytherapy
  • Haptics enabled robot-assisted active catheter insertion
  • Minimally invasive lung tumour localization
  • Trajectory generation for robot-assisted needle insertion in soft tissue
  • Development of high dexterity instruments for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery
  • Bone cutting in minimally invasive orthopaedic surgery
  • Cognitive science for surgical technologies design, evaluation and training
  • Modeling of respiratory lung tumour motion
  • Arthroscopic skills development and assessment for orthopaedic knee surgery
  • A multi-screen hands-free pointer system for training in minimally invasive surgery

Robotics Surgery

Robotics is the science and technology of robots, and their design, manufacture and application.

The robotics surgery division at CSTAR focuses on perfecting already existing procedures and the application of MIS technologies developed in the mechatronics division. CSTAR provides world-class acute and chronic laboratory facilities that support preclinical testing and validation of new MIS technologies.

Major Research Activities

  • Rese Novel techniques and tools for minimally-invasive, beating heart surgery
  • Port placement optimization for robot-assisted cardiac surgery
  • Limiting atrial fibrillation to one side of the heart
  • Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in urology: A review of surgical outcomes
  • Image guidance for beating heart cardiac surgery
  • Biomaterials in the urinary tract
  • A multi-centre trial comparing percutaneous coronary intervention to surgical coronary revascularization in diabetic patients (Freedom Trial)
  • Non-invasive characterization of complex sub-mitral valve anatomy for robotically assisted minimally invasive surgical mitral valve repair
  • Multi-centre prospecitve evaluation of elastic restraint to lessen the effects of heart failure (PEERLESS HF Trial)
  • Study of provoked ischemia revascularization before ICD therapy (Spirit Trial)
  • Randomized trial for the treatment of multi-vessel coronary artery disease with hybrid coronary artery revascularization, multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention or conventional coronary artery surgical revascularization
  • CABG off or on pump revascularization (CORONARY)
  • The safety of laparoscopic hepatectomyarch focus

Contact us

Phone: 519.663.3111
Facsimile: 519.663.8401
Email: cstarinfo@lhsc.on.ca        

University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre
339 Windermere Road
London, ON  N6A 5A5

Our people

Medical Mechatronics
  • Seyed Farokh Atashzar, Research Assistant
  • Sayra Cristancho, Assistant Professor, Departments of Surgery & Medical Biophysics, Western University
  • Roy Eagleson, Ph.D., P.Eng., Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute & Robarts Research Institute; Associate Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Western University
  • Abelardo Escoto, M.Sc., Research Associate, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute
  • Marie-Eve LeBel, Assistant Professor, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Western University
  • Richard A. Malthaner, M.D., Director, Thoracic Surgery Research; Associate Professor, Depts. Surgery, Oncology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University
  • Michael D. Naish, Ph.D., Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute; Associate Professor, Depts. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Rajni Patel, Ph.D., P.Eng., FRSC, FCAE, FIEEE, FASME; Tier-1 Canada Research Chair; Director of Engineering, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute; Dept of Electrical & Computer Engineering and Dept of Surgery, Western University
  • Christopher Schlachta, M.D., Medical Director, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute; Associate Professor, Depts. of Surgery and Oncology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University
  • Mahya Shahbazi, Research Assistant, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute
  • Karen Siroen, Research Assistant, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute
  • Ana Luisa Trejos, B.S., M.A.Sc. Ph.D., Assistant Professor , Depts. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering, Western Unviersity
  • Dan Wang, Research Assistant
  • Christopher Ward, M.E.Sc., Research Associate, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute
  • Ran Xu, Research Assistant, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute
Robotics Surgery
  • Daniel Bainbridge, M.D., Anesthetist, London Health Sciences Centre; Associate Professor, Depts. Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Joseph L. Chin, M.D., FRCSC, Chief, Division of Urology, London Health Sciences Centre; Professor and Chair, Division of Surgical Oncology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • John Denstedt, M.D., Chief, City-wide Surgery Services, St. Joseph’s Health Care London; Chairman, Dept. of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Gerard M. Guiraudon, Ph.D., Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute & Robarts Research Institute; Emeritus Professor of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Doug L. Jones, B.Sc., B.Sc. (H), M.Sc., Ph.D., FACC, Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute & Robarts Research Institute; Professor, Depts. Physiology & Pharmacology and Medicine (Cardiology), Schulich School of Medcine & Dentistry at Western
  • Bob Kiaii, M.D., Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute; Cardiac Surgeon & Director, Div. of Cardiac Surgery, LHSC; Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Stephen P. Lownie, M.D., FRCSC, Co-chair, Neurosurgery, London Health Sciences Centre; Associate Professor, Depts. Clinical Neurological Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology and Otolaryngology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Patrick P.W. Luke, M.D., FRCSC, Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute & Robarts Research Institute; Surgical Director, Kidney/Pancreas Transplantation, Western University
  • Michael D. Naish, Ph.D., Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute; Associate Professor, Depts. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western University
  • Rajni Patel, Ph.D., P.Eng., FRSC, FCAE, FIEEE, FASME; Tier-1 Canada Research Chair; Director of Engineering, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute; Dept of Electrical & Computer Engineering and Dept of Surgery, Western University
  • Stephen E. Pautler, B.Sc., M.D., FRCSC, Physician, Department of Urology, St. Joseph’s Health Care, London; Assistant Professor, Depts. of Surgery and Oncology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Terence M. Peters, Ph.D., Scientist, Robarts Research Institute, Western University
  • Doug Quan, M.D., M.Sc., FRCSC, FACS, Surgeon, London Health Sciences Centre; Scientist, Lawson Health Research Institute & Robarts Research Institute
  • Hassan Razvi, M.D., Ph.D., FRCSC, Chief of Urology, LHSC and St. Joseph’s; Chairman of Urology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University
  • Gregor Reid, Ph.D., Director, Canadian Research & Development Centre for Probiotics, Lawson; Professor, Microbiology & Immunology and Surgery; Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Christopher M. Schlachta, M.D., Medical Director, CSTAR, Lawson Health Research Institute; Associate Professor, Depts. of Surgery and Oncology
  • Allan Skanes, Director, Electrophysiology Laboratory, LHSC; Associate Professor, Dept. of Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western
  • Ana Luisa Trejos, B.S., M.A.Sc, Ph.D. , Assistant Professor , Depts. of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Biomedical Engineering

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